Alfa Romeo 145 146
|Assembly||Pomigliano d'Arco, Italy|
|Predecessor||Alfa Romeo 33|
|Successor||Alfa Romeo 147|
|Class||Small family car|
|Body style||3-door hatchback (145) 4-door sedan (146)|
|Platform||Fiat Type Two platform (Tipo Due)|
|Engine||1.4 L Flat-4 (petrol) 1.6 L Flat-4 (petrol) 1.7 L Flat-4 (petrol) 1.4 L TS I4 (petrol) 1.6 L TS I4 (petrol) 1.8 L TS I4 (petrol) 2.0 L TS I4 (petrol) 1.9 L I4 (diesel)|
|Wheelbase||2,540 mm (100.0 in)|
|Length||4,093 mm (161.1 in) (145) 4,257 mm (167.6 in) (146)|
|Width||1,712 mm (67.4 in)|
|Height||1,427 mm (56.2 in)|
|Curb weight||1,140–1,275 kg (2,500–2,810 lb)|
|Designer(s)||Chris Bangle (Centro Stile Fiat)|
The Alfa Romeo 145 and 146 (Type 930) are small family cars produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo between 1994 and 2001. They were launched at the 1994 Turin Motor Show. The 145 and 146 share design plans and interior components from the B-pillar forwards, but the 145 is a three-door hatchback, the 146 a four-door sedan model. 221,037 145 and 233,295 146s were built.
To replace its ageing 33 model, Alfa Romeo launched the 145 in 1994, followed by the 146 in 1995, to compete in an extremely competitive mid-size hatchback market. A spacious and uniquely Italian interior was presented to the press at the 1994 launch, and by all accounts well received. The oddly shaped, cut-away dashboard attracted much attention, but in fact the design was for safety and practicality rather than aesthetics.
Based, as they were, on the Fiat Group's Tipo Due platform, the cars were widely praised for their handling, particularly their sharp, responsive steering. Early cars used boxer engines passed down from the old 33 in 1.3/1.4 (same engine, badge depending on market—not sold in UK), 1.6 8 valve and 1.7 16 valve forms.
In 1996, the flagship Cloverleaf (145) and Ti (146) models were launched with the 2.0-litre Twin Spark engine already seen in the 155 sister car.1.6 and 1.8 Twin Spark engines soon followed to replace the less powerful boxers.
The 1.8-litre and 2.0-litre engine cars were equipped with 'quick-rack' steering (also seen on the 155, GTV and Spider) which improved steering responsiveness, but as a result the turning circle was compromised. This was also featured on the 1.6-litre Junior model in 1998. The sporty suspension set-up was harsher than many others in its category at the time, but this was in line with the Fiat Group's marketing of Alfa Romeo as a sporting brand and it is said to have resulted in class leading handling.
Styling themes introduced in the Alfa Romeo 164 were continued, and the lighting clusters of the 146 provided a preview of the forthcoming Alfa Romeo 166 and 156. The more conservatively styled 146 proved a bigger sales success than the edgy design of the 145, which in retrospect appears too avant-garde for main stream sales success.
Both the 145 and 146 have strong followings, particularly in top specification Cloverleaf and Ti guises, as they are seen by many as not only the last old school hot hatch built by Alfa but, arguably, by any car company.
While the volume of 145s and 146s sold was moderately low, parts availability remains good, in most cases direct from Alfa Romeo. Owners clubs can often advise on multiple sources of parts or workarounds.
Eventually, in 2000, the cars were superseded by the all-new 147, which was a far bigger commercial success, with its acclaimed styling front end and improved quality. Still, many enthusiasts feel that it lost a little of the special feel and Alfa Romeo that the 145 and 146 had.
The 145 and 146 are prized by performance minded Alfisti as a source of performance upgrades for the earlier Sprint. As these cars were initially designed for use with the Alfasud boxer engines, and later updates with Twinspark units, it is technically feasible to take a late 16v boxer engine from these cars and directly transplant it into a Sprint, giving the car a tremendous performance upgrade in the process.
|1.3*||H4||1,351 cc||8 SOHC||90 PS (66 kW; 89 bhp) at 6,000 rpm||115 N·m (85 lb·ft) at 4,400 rpm||1994–1997|
|1.6||H4||1,596 cc||8 SOHC||103 PS (76 kW; 102 bhp) at 6,000 rpm||134 N·m (99 lb·ft) at 4,500 rpm||1994–1997|
|1.7 16V||H4||1,712 cc||16 DOHC||129 PS (95 kW; 127 bhp) at 6,500 rpm||149 N·m (110 lb·ft) at 4,300 rpm||1994–1997|
|2.0i 16V TS QV/Ti||I4 2BS TS||1,970 cc||16 DOHC VVT VLIM||150 PS (110 kW; 148 bhp) at 6,400 rpm||187 N·m (138 lb·ft) at 3,500 rpm||10/1995–03/1998|
|I4 2BS TS||1,970 cc||16 DOHC VVT VLIM||155 PS (114 kW; 153 bhp) at 6,400 rpm||187 N·m (138 lb·ft) at 3,500 rpm||10/1998–01/2001|
|1.4 T.Spark 16V**||I4 TS||1,370 cc||16 DOHC VVT||103 PS (76 kW; 102 bhp) at 6,300 rpm||124 N·m (91 lb·ft) at 4,600 rpm||1997–2001|
|1.6 T.Spark 16V||I4 TS||1,598 cc||16 DOHC VVT||120 PS (88 kW; 118 bhp) at 6,300 rpm||144 N·m (106 lb·ft) at 4,500 rpm||1997–2001|
|1.8 T.Spark 16V||I4 TS||1,747 cc||16 DOHC VVT VLIM||144 PS (106 kW; 142 bhp) at 6,500 rpm||169 N·m (125 lb·ft) at 3,500 rpm||1997–2001|
|1.9 TD*||I4||1,929 cc||8 SOHC||90 PS (66 kW; 89 bhp) at 4,100 rpm||191 N·m (141 lb·ft) at 2,400 rpm||1994–1997|
|1.9 JTD||I4||1,910 cc||8 SOHC||105 PS (77 kW; 104 bhp) at 4,000 rpm||255 N·m (188 lb·ft) at 2,000 rpm||1997–2001|
* Continental European markets only. ** Continental Europe and Ireland only.
- 1994 – 145 launched. Engines were 1.4 8v Boxer, 1.6 8v Boxer, 1.7 16v Boxer and 1.9 Turbo Diesel.
- 1995 – 146 launched, using same engines as 145.
- 1996 – 145 Cloverleaf and 146 TI models introduced, using 2.0 16v Twin Spark engine.
- 1997 – All Boxer engines replaced by more powerful, more efficient Twin Spark engines.
- 1998 – New Twin Spark engines from the Alfa Romeo 156 were imported into the 145/146 to replace the existing designs, with new plastic valve cover. Engine power was slightly raised.
- 1999 – 1.9 JTD Turbo Diesel replaced existing diesel engine.
- 2000 – Various minor revisions, including color-coded bumpers, door handles and mirrors. Higher spec versions also gained side airbags.