Audi 80 Second Generation
|Also called||Audi 5+5 (Aus)|
|Production||1978–1986 1,680,146 built 80: 1,405,506 90: 105,593 Coupé: 169,047|
|Predecessor||Audi 80 (B1)|
|Successor||Audi 80 (B3)|
|Body style||2-door saloon/sedan 4-door saloon/sedan|
|Layout||front engine, front-wheel drive, or quattro permanent four-wheel drive|
|Platform||Volkswagen Group B2 platform|
|Engine||petrol engines: 1.3 L I4; 1.6 L I4; 1.8 L I4; 1.9 L/2.0 L I5; 2.1 L/2.2 L I5; diesel engines: 1.6 L TD I4 1.6 L D I4|
|Transmission||3-speed automatic, 4-speed manual, 5-speed manual|
|Wheelbase||2,541 mm (100.0 in)|
|Length||4,383 mm (172.6 in)|
|Width||1,682 mm (66.2 in)|
|Height||1,365 mm (53.7 in)|
|Related||Audi Coupé (B2) Audi Quattro Volkswagen Fox|
Audi presented a redesigned 80 based the B2 platform (Typ 81) in September 1978 and deliveries of the four door saloon/sedan began a few weeks later in Europe. Deliveries of the fuel injected GLE and two door bodied cars began early in 1979. The redesigned car was first seen in North America in 1979 (as a 1980 model). Audi continued to use the 80 nameplate in Europe, but badged their Typ 81 as the Audi 4000 in North America. The body of the B2 Audi 80 was designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro. No Avant variant was available, as the Volkswagen Passat filled that role.
In Europe, the 80 was the standard model, while after a 1984 facelift the Audi 90 was launched as a larger-engined version of the 80; with more options, and, aside from the 70 PS (51 kW; 69 bhp), four-cylinder 1.6l turbodiesel (TD) engine which was also available for the 80, two five-cylinder in-line petrol engines — a 2.0 with 115 PS (85 kW; 113 bhp) and a 2.2 with 136 PS (100 kW; 134 bhp) which was later modified into a 2.3. The 2.2 was available with a catalytic converter and power ratings of 115 PS (85 kW; 113 bhp) for front-drive and 120 PS (88 kW; 118 bhp) for quattro models. European models had two headlamp casings, while North American models generally had quad headlamps.
The Audi 5+5 was launched on to the Australian market in October 1981 and was described as a "uniquely Australian Special". After the Australian motoring press had driven the new B2 Audi 80, they beckoned Audi to fit the five-cylinder engine from the larger Audi 100. The 5+5 was essentially an 80 B2 four-door saloon with the 2,144 cc five-cylinder engine, the precursor to what would become the Audi 90.
In 1983, the 80 Sport was introduced in the UK, based on the GTE. It came with quattro-style Ronal alloys, rubber rear spoiler, deep chin spoiler, striped charcoal Recaro interior, and optional body graphics including full-length "Audi Sport" stripes. A special commemorative-edition version, the Audi 4000CS quattro, was made for the 1985, 1986, and 1987 model years.
Mid-1984, for the 1985 model year, Audi gave the B2 a subtle facelift with tail lights resembling the ones of the Typ 44 Audi 100, and different front and rear bumpers and headlights and an updated interior. In Europe, engines with catalytic converter emissions controls were made available for the first time.
The B2 platform proved to be both quite versatile and quite profitable; many components were shared to or borrowed from the Audi Coupé, Audi Quattro and Audi Sport Quattro, which in the process helped to cement the company into the public eye after their quattro permanent four-wheel drive system proved useful in various forms of racing.
The saloons were offered until late 1986 in Europe and 1987 abroad, and the B2-based Audi Coupé lasted through to 1988 (as an early 1989 model) before being changed. The Coupé shared many components, and its basic body shape, with the original Audi Quattro.
The North American Audi 4000 was sold in 4000S (1.8 L) and 4000CS quattro (2.2 L) derivatives,with the CS quattro being very similar to the European Audi 90 quattro.
The CS quattro had a CIS-E fuel-injected 2.2-litre inline 5-cylinder petrol engine (identification code: JT). It displaced 2,226 cc, was constructed from a grey cast iron cylinder block, with an aluminium alloy cylinder head, and used a timing belt-driven single overhead camshaft (SOHC). The rated horsepower was 86 kW (117 PS; 115 bhp) at 5,500 rpm, and the torque is 171 N·m (126 lbf·ft) at 3,000 rpm. The only transmission available on the 4000CS was a five-speed close-ratio manual.