|1993 to 2002|
|Body and chassis|
|Class||large family car|
|Body style||5-door hatchback (Berline)
5-door estate (Break)
1.8L I4 16 valve
2.0L I4 16 valve
2.0L I4 Turbocharged
1.9L I4 Diesel
1.9L I4 Turbodiesel
2.0L I4 HDi
2.1L I4 12 valve Turbodiesel
|Wheelbase||2,740 mm (108 in) (Berline)|
|Length||4,440 mm (175 in) (Berline)|
|Width||1,755 mm (69.1 in) (Berline)|
|Height||1,380 mm (54 in) (Berline)|
|Curb weight||1,250 kg (2,760 lb)–1,430 kg (3,150 lb) (Activa CT)|
The Citroën Xantia, pronounced "Zan-ti-a" was a mid-size car produced by the French automaker Citroën and designed by Bertone.
First seen at the end of 1992, the car was produced between 1993 and 2002, with a facelift in 1998. Citroën sold over 1.2 million Xantias during its 9 years of production. After European production ceased in late 2002, overlapping with the C5 by 18 months, the SAIPA Corporation in Iran produced it (until September 2010).
The Xantia replaced the earlier Citroën BX, and maintained the high level of popularity of that model, but brought the car more into the mainstream to compete harder with its rivals, such as the Ford Mondeo, Nissan Primera, Rover 600, Toyota Carina E and Vauxhall Cavalier.
It signaled that Citroën had learned from the reception given to the staid Citroën ZX, introduced two years earlier and criticised by contemporary journalists for its lack of traditional Citroën flair in engineering and design. Citroën addressed these concerns in the facelifted Xantia.
The Xantia also used the traditional Citroën hydropneumatic suspension system pioneered by the older DS. It was initially only available as a hatchback (liftback) (Berline), but an estate (station wagon) (Break) version built by Heuliez appeared in 1995.
In-line with PSA Group policy, the Peugeot 406 launched 2 years later used the same floorpan, core structure and engines as the Xantia. The Hydractive suspension system was not carried over, and the 406 utilised a more traditional spring suspension.
Sales in the UK were strong, though it was never able to match the success of established British favourites, such as the Ford Mondeo or Vauxhall Vectra.
From an engineering perspective, the Xantia's biggest advance was the suspension. From launch, the more expensive models were available with an enhanced version of the XM's Hydractive, Hydractive II or H2, computer-controlled version of the hydropneumatic self-leveling suspension. This used extra suspension spheres to allow a soft ride in normal conditions, but taut body control during hard braking, acceleration or cornering. These models feature an innovation first seen on the ZX and then subsequently fitted to the facelifted XM - a programmed self-steer rear axle. On sweeping curves and tight bends alike, the rear wheels turn in line with the front wheels, sharpening responses and adding to driver pleasure.
In 1994, the Activa technology was introduced, which is an extension to the Hydractive II suspension, where two additional spheres and two hydraulic cylinders are used together with computer control to eliminate body roll completely. This technology is more broadly known as active suspension, and the Xantia Activa has exceptional road holding comparable to true sports cars. In the Swedish magazine Teknikens Värld's moose test the 1999 model of Xantia V6 Activa still holds the record speed through the manoeuvre - faster than the Porsche 996 GT2.
UK Models of the Activa came fitted with a XU10 2 litre turbocharged engine also fitted to the Citroën XM 2.0CT and Peugeot 605 SRi. It produced 150 bhp and 171 lb ft of torque and was a 'low-blow' type for smooth power delivery rather than outright bhp.
The Xantia was the last Citroën to use a common hydraulic circuit for suspension, brakes and steering like the pioneering Citroën DS. It was also the last Citroën car that used the green LHM hydraulic fluid. Later cars, such as the C5, used LDS instead.
Power came from the familiar PSA XU-series petrol engines, this time in 1.6, 1.8 and 2.0 displacements, a 2.0 16-valve version for the Xantia VSX, a turbocharged 2.0 engine, from 1995 onwards, a 1.8 16-valve and a 2.0 16-valve engine. In 1997, a 3.0 V6 engine was offered as top-of-the-line.
The popular XUD turbodiesel units in 1.9 (turbocharged: 92 hp (69 kW), low-pressure turbo: 75 hp (56 kW), or not: 71 hp) displacement proved to be the best-selling engine. The biggest diesel was a 2.1 TD with 109 hp (81 kW).
In 1998, PSA introduced the HDi direct injection turbodiesel (in two versions: 90 hp (67 kW), and intercooled 109 hp). For an economical diesel engine, the HDi offered the kind of throttle response normally seen in a gasoline engine and quiet high speed cruising at a top speed of 118 mph (190 km/h). Acceleration was also good at 11.4 seconds from 0 to 60 mph.