Mazda 323 Familia
Fifth generation BF
|Also called||Mazda 323 Ford Tonic Sao Penza|
|Production||1985–1989,1986–2004 in Colombia|
|Assembly||Hiroshima, Japan Hofu, Japan Bogotá, Colombia Silverton, South Africa Rayong, Thailand Willowvale, Zimbabwe (WMMI)|
|Body style||2-door cabriolet 3-door hatchback 4-door sedan 5-door hatchback 5-door station wagon 2-door ute (South Africa)|
|Layout||FF layout four-wheel drive|
|Engine||1.3 L E3 I4 1.5 L E5 I4 1.5 L E5 turbo I4 1.6 L B6 I4 1.6 L B6T turbo I4 1.7 L PN diesel I4|
|Transmission||3-speed automatic 4 or 5-speed manual|
|Wheelbase||2,400 mm (94.5 in)|
|Length||Hatchback: 4,110 mm (161.8 in) Sedan & Wagon: 4,310 mm (169.7 in)|
|Width||1,645 mm (64.8 in)|
|Height||Sedan & Hatchback: 1,390 mm (54.7 in) Wagon: 1,430 mm (56.3 in)|
|Curb weight||936 kg (2,064 lb)|
|Related||Mazda Étude Ford Laser Mercury Tracer In January 1985, the fifth generation Familia/323 featured many updates. It was available as a hatchback or sedan only for the first year, a wagon being added in November 1985. In January 1987 a personal coupé version with its own bodywork, the Étude, was added. In February 1987 the Familia range underwent a light facelift that included replacing the old E engines with the more modern B series.|
The 1985 Familia spawned a Ford Laser twin sold in the Asia-Pacific. The Laser sedan and wagon were nearly identical to the Familia but with a Ford grille. By contrast the Laser hatchback model, which was sold in the U.S. as the Mercury Tracer used completely different panels from the Familia's.
This generation of the Familia/323 was also available in a version with a turbocharged DOHC engine, with either front- or four-wheel drive. The 4WD version, introduced in October 1985, saw some success in rally's Group A category. Regular GTX's (GT-X in Japan) produced 140 PS (103 kW). A limited production homologation special, the GT-Ae, appeared in May 1988 and offered an additional ten horsepower. There was also a 1.7-litre diesel version available with 58 PS (43 kW) at 4,300 rpm and 112 N·m (83 lb·ft) at 2,800 rpm. It is an indirect injection engine, naturally aspirated.
This generation was sold through the 1989 model year in the United States. The wagon continued alongside the succeeding generation in most markets until 1994/95, later updated with a new grille and lights.
The model remained in production in South Africa, as an entry-level model, also being sold as the Ford Tonic until 2003. A locally designed pick-up based on the Familia front end, called the Rustler was also produced, and sold as the Ford Bantam. From 1991 to 1994 Samcor also produced and sold the 323 with the 2.0 L 16-valve DOHC FE engine from the Mazda 626 and badged it 200i. Along with the 2.0 L 16-valve DOHC engine there were upgrades to the suspension and braking system. Still, the 1.6-litre GT-Ae homologation car was more powerful.
In 1991, the South African-made model was exported to the United Kingdom as the Sao Penza and fitted with a 1.3 L fuel-injected engine. This South African built model was also sold in Australia between 1989 and 1991 with minor changes, the most noticeable one being the front indicators having a clear color rather than the normal amber. These models where labeled BF as opposed to the next generation's BG.
A factory-built convertible body was introduced in March 1986 in both Mazda 323 and Ford Laser (323 panels from firewall back) versions.
- 1985–1987 – 1.1 L (1,100 cc) E1, 2 barrel, 8-valve, 55 hp (41 kW; 56 PS) / 59 lb·ft (80 N·m)
- 1985–1987 – 1.3 L (1,296 cc) E3, 2 barrel, 8-valve, 68 hp (51 kW; 69 PS) / 71 lb·ft (96 N·m)
- 1987–1989 – 1.3 L (1,300 cc) B3, 2 barrel, 8-valve, 66 PS (49 kW; 65 hp) / 74 lb·ft (100 N·m)
- 1985–1987 – 1.5 L (1,490 cc) E5, 2 barrel or EGi, 8-valve, 85 PS (63 kW)/12.3 kg·m (121 N·m) (JDM carb)
- 1985–1987 – 1.5 L (1,490 cc) E5T, turbo EGi, 8-valve, 115 PS (85 kW)/16.5 kg·m (162 N·m) (JDM only)
- 1987–1989 – 1.5 L (1,500 cc) B5, 2 barrel, 12-valve, 73 hp (54 kW; 74 PS) / 81 lb·ft (110 N·m)
- 1985–1989 – 1.6 L (1,600 cc) B6, 8-valve, 103 hp (77 kW; 104 PS) / 98 lb·ft (133 N·m)
- 1985–1989 – 1.6 L (1,600 cc) B6T, turbo, 16-valve, 143 hp (107 kW; 145 PS) / 138 lb·ft (187 N·m)
- 1985–1989 – 1.7 L (1,700 cc) PN, Diesel, 8-valve, 57 hp (43 kW; 58 PS) / 107 lb·ft (145 N·m)
- 1991–1994 – 2.0 L (2,000 cc) FE-DOHC, EFi, 16-valve, 146 hp (109 kW; 148 PS) (South Africa only)