Subaru Leone 3rd generation
|Also called||Subaru DL/GL Subaru Loyale Subaru Omega Subaru L-Series Subaru GL-10 Subaru RX Isuzu Geminett II|
|Body style||3-door hatchback coupé 4-door sedan 5-door station wagon|
|Layout||Front-wheel drive 4WD on Demand All-Wheel Drive (4WD Full Time)|
|Engine||1.3 L EA65 OHV H4 1.6 L EA71 OHV H4 1.8 L EA82 SOHC H4 1.8 L EA82T H4 Turbo SOHC|
|Transmission||3-speed automatic 4-speed automatic 4-speed manual 5-speed manual 5-speed Dual Range manual with Differential Lock|
|Wheelbase||2,470 mm (97.2 in) (sedan)|
|Length||4,435 mm (174.6 in) (sedan)|
|Width||1,660 mm (65.4 in)|
|Height||1,335 mm (52.6 in) (2WD sedan)|
|Curb weight||1,060 kg (2,300 lb) (RX)|
In Europe, the range was 1.3 DL, 1.6 DL, 1.6 GL, 1.8 DL and 1.8 GL 4WD. Not all versions were offered in all countries.
In North America, the 1.6-liter engine was dropped completely from the lineup, due to its lack of power. The 48-kilowatt (65 hp) 1.3 was only available in select markets.
A new 1.8-liter SOHC engine, EA-82 was offered instead of the OHV 1.8-liter Flat-4 engine. The engine was available with a carburetor, single point fuel injection, multi-port fuel injection, or multi-port fuel injection with a turbocharger.
From 1985 this generation saw the availability of a full-time 4WD manual transmission or a full-time 4WD four-speed electronically-controlled automatic transmission.
The RX 3-door hatchback is comparatively rare as only 2600 units were made during its 1987 to 1989 production run. Very few remain operational today. It can be recognized by a rear wing, factory ground effects kit and white paint with white wheels. Most RXs were white. The RX was equipped with the EA82T turbo engine, as found in the XT Vortex mated to a five speed manual transmission. The drivetrain featured a 3.70:1 rear Limited Slip Differential as well as a locking center differential and two speed transfer case. The gearbox also featured a 1.592:1 low range gear set activated via a center console mounted lever. Other characteristics were; rally tuned suspension, four wheel disc brakes, power windows, A/C, central locking differential, power sunroof, adjustable seats and steering wheel, split fold-down rear seats, full indicative panel, Hill Holder and 1,070 kg (2,359 lb) of weight. 1989 marked the end of the production run for the RX.
Other options (Standard and Optional) found in the Leone 3rd generation were a full digital instrument panel; self diagnostic computer, travel computer, cruise control and pneumatic suspension with selectable height.
From September 1989, the van version was also provided to Isuzu as the "Geminett II" under an OEM deal.
By 1990 the Leone name continued to be used in Japan but was now known as the Loyale in Chile, the United States and Canada, the L-Series in Europe and Australia and as the Omega in New Zealand where the third generation was the last to be assembled locally by Motor Holdings at Waitara. The popularity of the Leone wagon was ceded to the new, larger, Legacy wagon in 1989 and was ultimately replaced by the Impreza in 1994. The Impreza was introduced with a 'hatch like' wagon which was reminiscent of the first and second generation Leone wagons.
Leone Delivery Van
Introduced in August 1994, the Subaru Leone was a badge engineered version of the Nissan AD van for light commercial uses. It was sold until the 2001 model year.
World Rally Championship
Subaru Rally Team Japan led by Noriyuki Koseki (founder of Subaru Tecnica International STI) ran Subaru Leone coupé, sedan DL and RX Turbo in the World Rally Championship between 1980 and 1989 a few rallies per season. Drivers for individual rallies included Ari Vatanen, Per Eklund, Shekhar Mehta, Mike Kirkland, Possum Bourne, Harald Demut and Chilean driver Jose Antonio Celsi. Mike Kirkland finished 6th overall and won the A Group at the 1986 Safari Rally. That year Subaru was one of the only manufacturers combining 4WD and turbo. Jose Antonio Celsi finished eight in the 1986 Marlboro Rally Argentina and fifth in the 1988 Marlboro Rally Argentina. During 1989 Subaru entry two works RX Turbo for Jose Antonio Celsi and Possum Bourne. Celsi finished fourth, but retired on the final road section and Bourne retired during the first stage. Subaru changed the rally model to Legacy RS for the 1990-1992 period and took part in the first complete season in the World Rally Championship with the same model in 1993.
Leone (3rd Generation) RX Rally Specs (Sedan & Coupe):
Activity: (1985–1989) Power @ rpm: 190 bhp (142 kW; 193 PS) at 6500 Torque @ rpm: 230 N·m (170 lb·ft) at 5200 Length Width Height: 4370 mm 1660 mm 1425 mm Weight (kg/BPM Ratio): 1060 (0) Transmission: 4x4 Fulltime Engine Type: H4 Boxer SOHC x 2 Engine Position: Boxer Turbocharged Engine Capacity: 1781 cc Engine Bore: 92 mm (3.6 in) Engine Stroke: 67 mm (2.6 in) Engine Compression: 7.6:1 Engine Valves: 8 Engine Carburation: Electronic Multi-Point Turbo: IHI Body Doors: 2 (Coupe) or 4 (Sedan) Body Type: Coupe and Sedan Brakes: Ventilated disks Fuel Tank: 60 L (16 US gal; 13 imp gal)